drawings of cars with the printed word car on or under the image with each image crossed out and the caption, how to avoid the reading instruction pitfall of the picture blocking effect

How to Avoid the Picture Blocking Effect

When teaching children to read, using images to support reading is a common practice. Pictures used in the right way can facilitate the development of comprehension skills; however, using pictures can also have an adverse effect. The picture blocking effect can occur when pictures are introduced with new words. Research on the picture blocking effect […]

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How to assess reading prerequisite visual discrimination skills, click here for instructions and free printable, learn with emily dot com

How to Assess Visual Discrimination Skills

Visual discrimination is the ability to distinguish the similarities and differences in the detail of visual input. Visual discrimination is a prerequisite skill for learning to read printed text. There are many layers of visual discrimination, progressing from objects to combinations of letters. This article provides the information you need to evaluate if a child […]

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an overview of the fernald method for teaching reading to individuals with severe learning disabilities, learn with emily dot com

The Fernald Method for Severe Reading Disabilities

The Fernald Method is a whole-word multi-sensory approach to teach reading to individuals with severe learning disabilities. The approach has been documented in research as effective with this population (as cited in Boss & Vaughn, 1998). This article provides an overview of the Fernald teaching methodology. The Fernald Method can also be used for spelling instruction. […]

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An Edmark Reading Program Review

An Edmark Reading Program Review

A whole-word reading program teaches children to recognize and read a word as a single unit. In contrast to a phonics approach, children do not sound out each letter or letter combination. Whole-word methods require fewer prerequisite skills than phonics methods. Thus, children who are not ready or unable to learn to read through phonics may find […]

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image of chalkboard with simple words and the caption: what are the prerequisite skills for reading? click here to learn more, learn with emily dot com

What are the Prerequisite Skills for Reading?

The purpose of reading instruction is silent reading comprehension. The three components that contribute to silent reading comprehension are word identification, whole-text print processing, and language comprehension. This post will address word identification, namely, the methods and prerequisite skills for reading individual words. (McCauley & Fey, 2006) There are two direct approaches for teaching word […]

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ethics of behavior analysis and behavior change

Ethics of Behavior Analysis and Behavior Change

Ethics are the guiding principals of decent human conduct. When a person of authority (i.e., parent, teacher, or caregiver) seeks to change the behavior of another person, a careful consideration of the ethics of behavior analysis are in order. First and foremost, it is wise to follow the first principle of the hippocratic oath: Do no harm. Keep […]

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how to complete and analyze a reading fluency graph. click here for instructions and a free printable, learn with emily dot com

How to Complete and Analyze a Reading Fluency Graph

Running records can be used to evaluate a reading program’s effectiveness over time. In order to evaluate if the current program is sufficient, you will need to complete and analyze a reading fluency graph. How to graph your own results: 1) Download and print this free document: FluencyDataSheetFree 2) Determine the expected fluency rate for your […]

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Drawing of children hanging off of an A, B, and C, with the caption, the abc's of data collection: learn about antecedents, behavior, and consequences. learn with emily dot com

ABC Data: Record Antecedents, Behaviors, and Consequences

Some children exhibit challenging behaviors. These behaviors may not respond to typical discipline approaches. I agree with Dr. Ross Greene’s philosophy that children behave well if they can. Misbehavior is due to missing skills. In order to effectively treat the challenging behavior(s), one must first understand the factors influencing the behavior. ABC data will provide you with […]

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